Tsarin tsari da ka'idar turbocharger

Gas mai shaye-shayeturbocharger ya ƙunshi sassa biyu: turbin iskar iskar gas da kumacompressor.Gabaɗaya, injin turbin iskar gas ɗin yana gefen dama kuma na'urar damfara tana gefen hagu.Su ne coaxial.An yi kwandon turbine da baƙin ƙarfe mai jure zafi.Ƙarshen mashigan iska yana haɗa da bututun shayewar silinda, kuma ƙarshen fitar da iskar an haɗa shi da tashar shayewar injin dizal.Ƙarshen mashigan iska na compressor yana haɗa da matatar iska na injin iskar dizal, kuma ƙarshen fitar da iskar yana haɗa da bututun iskar silinda.

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1. Cire injin turbin gas

Turbin iskar gas mai shayewa yakan ƙunshi agidaje turbin, zoben bututun ƙarfe da mai tuƙi mai aiki.Zoben bututun ƙarfe ya ƙunshi zoben bututun ƙarfe na ciki, zobe na waje da ruwan bututun ƙarfe.Tashar da aka kafa ta bututun bututun ƙarfe yana raguwa daga mashigar zuwa mashigar.Kayan aikin da ke aiki ya ƙunshi na'ura mai jujjuyawa da na'urar motsa jiki, kuma ana gyara ruwan wukake a gefen waje na turntable.Zoben bututun ƙarfe da maƙwabtan da ke aiki kusa da su sun zama “mataki”.Turbine mai mataki daya kacal ana kiransa turbine mai mataki daya.Yawancin manyan caja suna amfani da injin turbin matakai guda ɗaya.

Ka'idar aiki na injin turbin iskar gas shine kamar haka: Lokacin dainjin dizal yana aiki, iskar gas ɗin ta ratsa ta cikin bututun shayewa kuma yana gudana cikin zoben bututun ƙarfe a wani matsa lamba da zafin jiki.Tun da tashar tashar ta zoben bututun ƙarfe a hankali yana raguwa, yawan kwararar iskar iskar gas a cikin zoben bututun ƙarfe yana ƙaruwa (ko da yake matsin lamba da rage zafinsa).Babban iskar gas mai sauri da ke fitowa daga bututun ƙarfe yana shiga tashar kwarara a cikin magudanar ruwa, kuma ana tilasta iska ta kunna.Saboda ƙarfin centrifugal, motsin iska yana matsawa zuwa ga maɗaukakiyar ruwan wuka da ƙoƙarin barin ruwan wuka, yana haifar da bambancin matsa lamba tsakanin maɗaukaki da maɗaukaki na ruwa.Sakamakon karfi na bambancin matsa lamba da ke aiki akan duk ruwan wukake yana haifar da tasiri mai tasiri a kan jujjuyawar juyi, yana haifar da impeller don juyawa a cikin hanyar juzu'i, sa'an nan kuma An fitar da iskar gas ɗin da ke gudana daga cikin impeller daga tashar shayewa ta hanyar cibiyar injin turbin.

2. Compressor

Kwamfuta ya ƙunshi babban mashigar iska, mai aiki da injin, diffuser da mahalli na turbine.Thecompressor yana da coaxial tare da iskar gas mai fitar da iskar gas kuma iskar gas mai fitar da iskar gas tana motsa shi don jujjuya injin mai aiki cikin sauri.Turbine mai aiki shine babban bangaren kwampreso.Yawanci ya ƙunshi dabaran jagorar iska mai lanƙwasa gaba da ƙafar ƙafar buɗe ido.An shigar da sassan biyu bi da bi a kan shingen juyawa.Ana shirya ruwan wukake madaidaici akan dabaran aiki, kuma an samar da tashar iska mai faɗaɗawa tsakanin kowace ruwa.Saboda jujjuyawar dabarar aiki, ana matsar da iska mai ɗaukar iska saboda ƙarfin centrifugal kuma an jefa shi zuwa gefen waje na dabaran aiki, yana haifar da matsa lamba, zafin jiki da saurin iska.Lokacin da iska ke gudana ta cikin mai watsawa, makamashin motsa jiki na iska yana juyewa zuwa makamashin matsa lamba saboda tasirin yaduwa.A cikin shaye-shayegidaje turbin, makamashin motsa jiki na iska yana canzawa a hankali zuwa makamashin matsa lamba.Ta wannan hanyar, yawan iskar injin dizal yana inganta sosai ta hanyar kwampreso.


Lokacin aikawa: Mayu-24-2024

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